This is the answer key for the grammar exercises handout.
2 When was television invented?
3 How are mountains formed?
4 When was DNA discovered
|2 is made||2 a covers|
|3 was damaged||2 b is covered|
|4 are shown||3 a was stolen|
|5 were invited||3 b disappeared||42.4|
2 All flights were cancelled because of fog.
3 I was accused of stealing money.
4 How is this word used?
5 All taxes are included in the price.
6 We were warned not to go out alone.
7 This office isn’t / is not used any more.
8 Five hundred people were invited to the wedding.
|6 ‘s/is found||4 a died|
|7 were overtaken||4 b were brought up|
|8 are held||5 a sank|
|9 was injured||5 b was rescued|
|10 is surrounded||6 a was fired|
|11 was sent||6 b resigned|
|12 is owned||7 a doesn’t bother|
|7 b ‘m/am not bothered|
|8 a was knocked|
|8 b fell|
|9 a are they called|
|9 b do you call|
|43.1||3 It’s been stolen! / It has been stolen!|
|3 be made||4 Somebody has taken it. Or …taken my umbrella.|
|4 be kept||5 He hasn’t been seen since then.|
|5 have been repaired||6 I haven’t seen her for ages.|
|6 be carried||7 Have you ever been stung by a bee?|
|7 have been arrested||8 It’s / It is being repaired at the moment.|
|8 be delayed||9 It hasn’t / It has not been found yet.|
|9 have been caused||10 The furniture had been moved.|
|10 be knocked||43.3|
|11 be known||2 A new road is being built|
|12 have been forgotten||3 Two new hotels have been built|
|4 some new houses were being built|
|5 The date of the meeting has been changed.|
|6 I didn’t know that our conversation was being recorded.|
|2 was given||2 being invited||2 got stung||3 were|
|3 wasn’t told / was not told||3 being given||3 get used||4 given|
|4 ‘s paid / is paid||4 being knocked down||4 got stolen||5 lost|
|5 been shown||5 being bitten||5 get paid||6 being|
|6 was asked||6 being treated||6 get broken||7 get|
|7 weren’t given / were not given||7 being stuck||7 get asked||8 doesn’t|
|8 to be offered||8 got stopped||9 was|
|2 Many people are reported to be homeless afuer the floods.||2 You’re / You are supposed to be my friend.|
|3 The thieves are thought to have got in through a window in the roof.||3 I’m / I am supposed to be on a diet.|
|4 The driver (of the car) is alleged to have been driving at 110 miles an hour. or … to have driven at …||4 It was supposed to be a joke.|
|5 The building is reported to have been badly damaged by the fire.||5 Or maybe it’s / it is supposed to be a flower.|
|6 The company is said to be losing a lot of money.||6 You’re / You are supposed to be working.|
|7 The company is believed to have lost a lot of money last year.||7 It’s supposed to be open every day.|
|8 The company is expected to make a loss this year.|
|2 they’re / they are supposed to be||2 ‘re / are supposed to start|
|3 it’s / it is supposed to have been||3 was supposed to phone|
|4 they’re / they are supposed to have won||4 aren’t / ‘re not / are not supposed to put|
|5 the view is supposed to be||5 was supposed to depart|
|6 she’s / she is supposed to be living||6 isn’t / ‘s not / is not supposed to lift|
|1 b||2 Sarah has her car serviced once a year.|
|2 a||3 Have you had your eyes tested recently?|
|3 a||4 I don’t like having my hair cut.|
|4 b||5 It cost fifteen pounds to have my suit cleaned.|
|6 You need to get this document translated as soon as possible.|
|2 I had it cut.||2 f|
|3 We had them cleaned.||3 a|
|4 He had it built.||4 e|
|5 I had them delivered.||5 c|
|6 She had them repaired.||6 b|
|2 We had our bags searched.|
|3 I’ve had my salary increased. Or I had my salary increased.|
|4 He’s had his application refused. Or He had his application refused|